The greenhouse effect is a natural process that occurs when gases in earth’s atmosphere trap the sun’s heat warming the earth’s surface.
As the sun’s
energy reaches the earth’s atmosphere, some of it is reflected into space and
the rest absorbed and re-radiated by greenhouse gases. The absorbed energy
warms the atmosphere and surface of the earth.
Carbon dioxide; It
enters the atmosphere through burning fossil fuels, solid waste, and trees. It is
removed from the atmosphere when absorbed as part of the biological carbon
is emitted in the production and transport of oil, coal. Can also be from the
decay of organic waste,
Nitrous oxide; It
is emitted during wastewater treatment, industrial activities, fossil fuels
Fluorinated gases; these
Include hydrofluorocarbons, nitrogen trifluoride. They are emitted from
industrial processes. They are high global warming potential gases.
The greenhouse effects include; natural and human-made greenhouse gas effect.
greenhouse effect. This is caused by amounts of greenhouse gases naturally
found in the atmosphere. It makes the earth’s temperatures warmer, allowing
life to exist and making the earth a comfortable place to live.
greenhouse gas effect. It is caused by amounts of greenhouse gases that humans
add to the atmosphere as a result of his activities. Due to industrialization,
there’s the presence of long-lasting greenhouse gases increasing the earth’s
The greenhouse effect works like a greenhouse. The
exchange of radiations that warms the planet works the same way as a
greenhouse. A greenhouse is a building constructed of glass used for modern
farming. It is used to grow plants. It stays warm even during winter. During
the day, as the sunlight shines, it warms the plant and air inside. At night
when it’s cold outside, it stays warm inside. This is because its glass walls
trap the heat and can’t escape.
enhanced greenhouse effect
Human activities such as burning fossil fuels, land clearing are changing the natural greenhouse effect of the earth. This increases the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere like methane, carbon dioxide. It causes them to retain more heat and increase the temperature on the planet. It harms the climate leading to global warming. The greenhouse gases emission sources include; electricity and heat production, agriculture and other land use, transportation, industry, and buildings.
consequences of the greenhouse effect
Flooding of islands and coastal cities; this
is due to the rise in sea levels.
Hurricanes; These are connected with sea
temperature. Greenhouse effect increases the intensity of the extreme climatic
Migration of species. Animal species will
migrate to survive the changes in climatic patterns due to the progressive
increase in temperatures. Human beings also have to move because of flooding
Desertification of fertile areas. Global
warming contributes to the desertification of most arid regions. These destroy
their biological potential turning them into barren and unproductive land with
no real value.
Impact on agriculture and livestock. It
alters the length of growing seasons. Also, the change in temperature and
season influence the growth of invasive weeds, insects, and diseases which
affect crops. Change in climate also affects livestock in their reproduction,
diseases, and metabolism.
consequences of the greenhouse effect on human health
Shortage of food; Climate changes bring about uncertainty in food ability. The decline in agricultural production brings about food shortages.
The spread of diseases and pandemics; There are problems brought about by pollution. It also causes infectious diseases like cholera and malaria, which spread more across the planet. The extreme heats also increase respiratory and cardiovascular health problems
reducing the greenhouse effect on the earth
help to balance the greenhouse effect on the earth. They take in carbon dioxide
and give out oxygen. Ocean also absorbs the excess of carbon dioxide in the
air. But the increase of this gas changes water making it more acidic. The acidic water is harmful to ocean creatures.
less fossil fuel or stopping the burning of altogether. These means shifting to
clean energy technologies like solar and wind and using renewable energy.
can adapt to impacts of climate change through technological solutions like coastal
defenses, changes in consumption habits reducing meat and more organic
water supplies through conservation, rain catchment, reuse.
location, planting dates, and a variety of crops.
cope with warming and flooding, roads and rail lines should be planned. Also
the use of public transport and other non-polluting means like bicycles or
of tourism attractions in case existing ones disappear.
energy infrastructure, reduction of dependence on one source of energy,
improving the efficiency of energy.
of heat- health action plans, improving disease surveillance and control,
boosting of emergency medical services.
the rising sea levels, consider the building of seawalls, creating marshes.